THE ELECTION AND PREDESTINATION
OF THE BELIEVER
John 1:12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to
become children of God, to those who believe in His name:
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man does not receive the things
of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know
them, because they are spiritually discerned.
Romans 10:13 For "whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved."
Isaiah 64:7 And there is no one who calls on Your name, Who stirs himself
up to take hold of You...
Isaiah 55:6 Seek the LORD while He may be found, Call upon Him while
He is near.
Romans 3:11 There is none who understands; There is none who seeks
Joshua 24:15 "...choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve..."
John 15:16 "You did not choose Me, but I chose you...
John 6:37 "All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one
who comes to Me I will by no means cast out.
John 6:44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws
him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
If it is true that there are none that seek after God, call upon His
name, choose Him, or receive Him, then how did we believe? John 6:63 "It
is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing.
I. How did we believe?
A. His power
1. Ephesians 1:15-19 Therefore I also, after I heard of your faith
in the Lord Jesus and your love for all the saints, 16 do not cease to
give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers: 17 that the God
of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit
of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him, 18 the eyes of your understanding
being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of His calling, what
are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 19 and what
is the exceeding greatness of His power toward us who believe, according
to the working of His mighty power
2. 2 Corinthians 3:3-5 Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be
the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with
the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables
of the heart. 4 And such trust have we through Christ to God-ward: 5 Not
that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves;
but our sufficiency is of God;
3. Acts 3:16 And his name through faith in his name hath made this
man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given
him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
4. John 6:63-65 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth
nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are
life. 64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from
the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.
65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me,
except it were given unto him of my Father.
5. Isaiah 26:12-13 LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us: for thou also
hast wrought all our works in us. 13 O LORD our God, other lords beside
thee have had dominion over us: but by thee only will we make mention of
1. Philippians 1:29 For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ,
not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake,
B. His gift
2. John 3:27 John answered and said, "A man can receive nothing unless
it has been given to him from heaven.
1. Acts 18:27 And when he desired to cross to Achaia, the brethren
wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him; and when he arrived, he
greatly helped those who had believed through grace;
C. His grace
2. 1 Peter 1:18-21 knowing that you were not redeemed with corruptible
things, like silver or gold, from your aimless conduct received by tradition
from your fathers, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb
without blemish and without spot. 20 He indeed was foreordained before
the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you
21 who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the
dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
3. Romans 5:11 And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through
our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received
A. Those who have been given by the Father to the Son.
II. Who will believe? John 5:39-44 "You search
the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these
are they which testify of Me. 40 "But you are not willing to come to
Me that you may have life. 41 "I do not receive honor from men. 42
"But I know you, that you do not have the love of God in you. 43 "I have
come in My Father's name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in
his own name, him you will receive. 44 "How can you believe, who receive
honor from one another, and do not seek the honor that comes from the only
1. John 6:37 "All that the Father gives Me will come
to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out.
2. John 17:1-2 Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven,
and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also
may glorify You, 2 "as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that
He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.
3. John 17:6 "I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have
given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me,
and they have kept Your word.
a. "They have kept Your word."
a. Christ prays only for them.
4. John 17:9 "I pray for them. I do not pray for the world
but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.
5. John 17:11-12 "Now I am no longer in the world, but these are
in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those
You have given Me, that they may be one as We are. 12
"While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those
whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the
son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
6. John 17:24 "Father, I desire that they also whom You gave
Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which
You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.
1. John 10:1-5 "Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter
the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a
thief and a robber. 2 "But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of
the sheep. 3 "To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice;
and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4
"And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the
sheep follow him, for they know his voice. 5 "Yet they will by
no means follow a stranger, but will flee from him, for they do not
the voice of strangers."
B. The sheep
2. John 10:10-11 "The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill,
and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and
that they may have it more abundantly. 11 "I am the good shepherd. The
good shepherd gives His life for the sheep.
3. John 10:26-29 "But you do not believe, because you are not of My
sheep, as I said to you. 27 "My sheep hear My voice, and
I know them, and they follow Me. 28 "And I give them eternal
life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out
of My hand. 29 "My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all;
and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father's hand.
1. John 15:16 "You did not choose Me, but I chose you and
appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should
remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.
C. The chosen
2. Psalms 65:4 Blessed is the man You choose, And cause
to approach You, That he may dwell in Your courts. We shall be satisfied
with the goodness of Your house, Of Your holy temple.
3. Numbers 16:1-13
4. Matthew 22:1-14
5. 1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal
priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim
the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;
1. Acts 13:48 Now when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and
glorified the word of the Lord. And as many as had been appointed
to eternal life believed.
D. As many as were ordained
2. Acts 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And
the Lord added to the church daily such as
should be saved.
1. John 1:12-13 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right
to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were
born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man,
but of God.
E. Whom the Lord wills
2. John 6:44 "No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws
(gk.-helko-to drag) him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
3. John 5:21 "For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them,
even so the Son gives life to whom He will.
A. From the beginning -- Acts 15:18 "Known to God from eternity
are all His works."
III. When did God choose us?
1. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 But we are bound to give thanks to God always
for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God from the beginning
chose you for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and belief
in the truth,
2. Ephesians 1:4 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation
of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him
A. His foreknowledge
IV. Why did He choose us? -- Acts 15:18 "Known to God from
eternity are all His works."
1. 1 Peter 1:2 elect according to the foreknowledge (gk.-prognosis)
of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling
of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.
2. Romans 8:28-29 And we know that all things work together for good
to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.
29 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed
to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.
3. What did He foreknow?
a. Acts 15:18 "Known to God from eternity are all His
b. 2 Timothy 2:15-19 Be diligent to present yourself approved to God,
a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of
truth. 16 But shun profane and idle babblings, for they will increase to
more ungodliness. 17 And their message will spread like cancer. Hymenaeus
and Philetus are of this sort, 18 who have strayed concerning the truth,
saying that the resurrection is already past; and they overthrow the faith
of some. 19 Nevertheless the solid foundation of God stands, having this
seal: "The Lord knows those who are His," and, "Let everyone who
names the name of Christ depart from iniquity."
c. A common heresy being taught among people claiming
to be Christians is that, the reason God chose us, was that He foreknew
who would choose Him (John 15:16) or who would seek Him (Romans 3:11) or
who would call upon His name (Isaiah 64:7) or who would receive (1 Corinthians
2:14) or who would come to Him (John 6:44).This teaching is heretical,
glorifies man, and must be stopped with the Word of God.
1. Deuteronomy 7:6-8 "For you are a holy people to the LORD your God;
the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special
treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth. 7 "The LORD did
not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number
than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples; 8 "but
because the LORD loves you, and because He would keep the oath which
He swore to your fathers, the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand,
and redeemed you from the house of bondage, from the hand of Pharaoh king
B. His love
2. Ephesians 1:4-5 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation
of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in
love, 5 having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to
Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will,
1. Ephesians 1:5,9,11 having predestined us to adoption as sons by
Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will,
9 having made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His good
pleasure which He purposed in Himself, 11 In Him also we have obtained
an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who
works all things according to the counsel of His will,
C. His will and purpose -- Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all for
Himself, Yes, even the wicked for the day of doom.
2. Matthew 11:21-27 "Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For
if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon,
they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 "But I say
to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment
than for you. 23 "And you, Capernaum, who are exalted to heaven, will be
brought down to Hades; for if the mighty works which were done in you had
been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 24 "But I say
to you that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day
of judgment than for you." 25 At that time Jesus answered and said, "I
thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these
things from the wise and prudent and have revealed them to babes. 26 "Even
so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. 27 "All things have been
delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father.
Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the
Son wills to reveal Him.
1. Ephesians 1:4-6,11-14 just as He chose us in Him before the foundation
of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love,
5 having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself,
according to the good pleasure of His will, 6 to the praise of the
glory of His grace, by which He has made us accepted in the Beloved.
11 In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according
to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of
His will, 12 that we who first trusted in Christ should be to the praise
of His glory. 13 In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth,
the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed
with the Holy Spirit of promise, 14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance
until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of
D. To the praise of His glory and grace
2. 2 Corinthians 4:5-7 For we do not preach ourselves, but Christ Jesus
the Lord, and ourselves your bondservants for Jesus' sake. 6 For it is
the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has shone in
our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the
face of Jesus Christ. 7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that
the excellence of the power may be of God and not of us.
3. 1 Corinthians 1:23-31 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews
a stumbling block and to the Greeks foolishness, 24 but to those who are
called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of
God. 25 Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness
of God is stronger than men. 26 For you see your calling, brethren, that
not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble,
are called. 27 But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put
to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put
to shame the things which are mighty; 28 and the base things of the world
and the things which are despised God has chosen, and the things which
are not, to bring to nothing the things that are, 29 that no flesh should
glory in His presence. 30 But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became
for us wisdom from God; and righteousness and sanctification and redemption;
31 that, as it is written, "He who glories, let him glory in the LORD."
1. John 15:16 "You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed
you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should
remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.
E. To go and bring forth fruit
2. Ephesians 2:8-10 For by grace you have been saved through faith,
and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, 9 not of works, lest
anyone should boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus
for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk